Category: Philosophy, Ethics, Consciousness


Moral Resilience in Ethical Leadership: When Good is Rewarded with Bad

Based on the principles of fairness and reciprocity, people typically expect that good deeds will be rewarded. However, when real-life situations deviate from this expectation, individuals often feel shocked and their moral motivation may be negatively impacted. The aim of this study is to explore how ethical leaders prevent negative impacts on their moral motivation


Adoptee Ancestry Searches: The Intersubjective Space of Self-Integration

The adoptee’s ancestry search can function as a dynamic intersubjective space that is vital to self-integration in the psychoanalytic sense. The guiding theoretical question of this paper is: How can contemporary intersubjective psychoanalytic theories describe this intersubjective space? Intersubjective psychoanalytic theory has its roots in philosophical hermeneutics and phenomenology. A case of adoptee ancestry search


Reshaping the Resistance of Women’s Bodies After the Pandemic in a Totalitarian Country Like Iran

Each society and country has been affected differently by the pandemic. Nevertheless, I believe its impact on societies with dictatorial politics that control almost every aspect of people’s lives could be more profound. During the last three years, citizens of these countries have been able to live their lives however they wished since they didn’t


Self-Betrayal and Moral Repair: A Philosophical Counselor’s Case Study

This paper begins with a case study recounted from my philosophical counseling practice. The case of “Eddy” serves to open questions that are elaborated in this essay: the philosophical and clinical meanings of moral injury, and whether self-betrayal is a significant harm that falls under the sorts of psychological and normative suffering implied by the


Analysis of Social Movements in Hong Kong in 2014 and 2019 From the Perspective of Body Politics and Feeling Politics

2019 was an important year in Hong Kong’s history, especially in terms of its protest history. The protests were triggered by the amendment to the Extradition Bill prompted by the murder of a Hong Kong woman in Republic of China. This paper discusses the developments of Hong Kong’s protests and society from 2014 to 2020,


New Revolutions in the Arts, Humanities and Education; Past, Paris 2022 and Future

The Covid-19 pandemic is one of those humongous events that places the whole of humanity into uncharted waters, paralysing and inhibiting society, yet artists often have rebelled against these new conditions by offering revolutionary works, and in Paris not least. Such recent massive crisis has just impacted on experts, professors and teachers, and they in


Roots and Resilience in Weil, Kołakowski, Todorov, and Finkielkraut

This paper studies selected writings of prominent European intellectuals regarding the matter of cultural roots and uprootedness. Simone Weil attributes to uprootedness many ills of the twentieth century induced by the dominant State culture that tends to uproot a subject from their intimate environment. The ultimate results are alienation and violence. Leszek Kołakowski and Tzvetan


The Universe as a Harmonious Field of Vibration – Is Humanity out of Tune?

This paper begins with a reference to recent experimental research in the school of Engineering at MIT on the novel coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2). This research consists in translating into sound the spike protein of the virus which makes it so contagious, in order to examine its vibrational properties and find ways to destroy it. After brief


Resilience of La Rose En Vie: Recovering from Upheaval through a Transphenomenology of Spirit on the Basis of the Arts and Humanities’

During the pandemic the arts and humanities have often been underestimated, usually considered marginal to other more pressing matters, or too weak to look after themselves let alone others. This paper will revert this view by stating that the success of any civilisation, even in times of crisis, derives from the strength of the foundations


Resilience in Our Hour of Need

In these transformative times of interrupted realities we take a step back, not of our own free will but by force, after prior to COVID-19 having been engaged in a frantic rush forward in search for some unattainable goal while the past was left forgotten in the dust and material hype mattered more than ever.


The Contradictions in Zarathustra’s Character

Thus Spoke Zarathustra’ is a controversial philosophical novel due to its many original concepts such as “will to power” and the phrase “God is dead”, which several scholars have tried to elucidate upon. In some cases, there is a general aversion to these concepts that have resulted in the limited use of the literature in


Keeping Hume’s Guillotine: The Validity & Deontic Irrelevance of ‘is’-‘ought’ Inferences

Ever since its formulation in Hume’s (1739) A Treatise of Human Nature, philosophers have had to contend with the idea of an inferential barrier between non-ethical (‘is’) propositions and ethical (‘ought’) propositions. Much of my work focuses on providing a more logically rigorous characterization of the is-ought thesis, describing Prior’s Paradox in terms of a


From Self Portraits to Geminoid Androids – Identity and Difference in Robotic Doppelgängers

The real and the virtual maintain ambiguous relations in the contemporary context of artificial intelligence. From the social phenomenon of Self-representation in digital identities to the robotic phenomenon of Replication of human beings, cultural models of identity are going to quickly change: “difference” will play a primary role at the heart of identity. The focus