Category: Literature – European Literature


Fantasy Versus Authenticity in Doris Lessing’s the Fifth Child

Doris Lessing, the Nobel Laureate, one of the most prominent British novelists, and adorned with many achievements, focuses on identity as a major issue, though here both the protagonists (Harriet and David) fail to build their own identity. The aim of this paper is to show the importance of dreams or fantasies in our practical


“‘Knock it Out of Them'”: The Matter and Meaning of Stone

Novalis’ HENRY VON OFTERDINGEN (1802), Ludwig Tieck’s “The Runenberg” (1804), and E.T.A. Hoffmann’s “The Mines at Falun” (1819) are three linked German Romantic tales that speak of stone as object and sign. Their three protagonists Henry, Christian, and Elis, wayfarers all, study “the power of rocks”*, entreat us to “ask the stones, you will be


Gynos-Synthesis En Route From Conflict to Harmony a Psycho-Spiritual Re-Reading of Hermann Hesse’s Steppenwolf

That ‘Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains’ is true of men and women today, greatly owing to the unresolved conflicts, intra-, inter-, and trans-personal in nature. A logical derivation from this truth is that a resolution of the conflicts would regain freedom for Man, and, that the process of conflict-resolution could