Category: Consumption, Production & Waste


BioTRIZ: Subsidies for Projects in Biomimicry and Design

Biomimicry combines multiple perspectives from the biological sciences to generate creative productions through emulations of nature. In this sense, the integration of tools of such field in the design area is valuable and it would, ultimately, stimulate the transformation of the production cycles so that they can resemble the rich systems of the biosphere. Therefore,


Environmental and Social Engagement Best Practice to Face Pandemic Circumstance: A Sharing From Vale Indonesia, Sorowako Site

The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 has broken the normal bonds of human interaction, whether in the personal sphere or in the industrial sphere, regardless of where a person happens to live. Several industries which play important roles in fulfilling global demands, including the nickel mining and smelting industry, still need to resume operations in full


Don’t Consume Less, Just Recycle More: Public Perceptions About Waste Generation and the Recycling System

As waste generation and its environmental costs increase globally, do Americans have any idea how much waste they generate? What do people think are effective personal actions they can take to reduce waste? In a national online survey, 932 participants reported their perceptions about waste behaviors and the recycling system. When asked about what they


Empirical Analysis of Chinese Environmental Citizenship: Citizens’ Awareness of Environmental Issues and Environmental Protection Activities

China has experienced rapid economic growth over the last thirty years. However, owing to such rapid growth, China is facing various environmental issues that need to be addressed. Numerous researchers believe that Chinese citizens’ cognizance regarding pollution can play an important role in protecting the environment by incorporating social changes, which is termed as “environmental


Effect of Carbonization Temperature and Reaction Time on Non-Recyclable PET Bottle for Char Formation

Japan has reported a high recycling rate of 84.5% for PET bottles in 2017. However, out of the total bottles collected, approximately 15 wt% consist of non-recyclable PET bottles. Here, non-recyclable PET bottles are referred to materials consisting of colored pigment, materials with impurities such as oil on surface and materials exposed to long-term UV-degradation.