Category: Arts Theory and Criticism


Indigenous Spirituality of Chinese Oil Painters in Europe in the Early 20th Century

The Chinese painters who studied in France in the early 20th century produced many oil painters with an indigenous style, such as Changyu and Zao Wou-ki. This thesis will theorise the issue of indigeneity at the level of critical debate and shed light on the indigenous spiritual beliefs and worldview behind the work of this


Pan-Asianism in Twentieth-Century Indian and Japanese Art: The Resilience of a Shared Artistic and Cultural Heritage

The artistic exchanges of the early twentieth century in India and Japan which defined the trajectory of Asian modernism were made possible due to cultural, commercial and religious crossovers of the first millennium CE and the Edo Period during which Japanese artists and artisans looked to India for inspiration. In 1902 and the ensuing decades,


No Hands, No Feet: Power in the Art Vision of Bahman Mohasses

As one of the most famous contemporary Persian sculptors, two subjects are important in the work of Bahman Mohasses: the physical aspect and the treatment of the object based on the growth, decay, and dissolution of the body, as well as the power of isolation or loneliness. In the works of Mohassess, the issue of


The Emergence of Change Through Embracing Freedom: Agent Art

Contemporary art may not be formulated as one thing, however, instead of generating new propositions, its reproduction and aestheticization of social reality and identities can be spotted. Conversely, aspiring for positive change, the aim of this paper is to propose an alternative way of existence and conception of social reality through the approach of agent


Ruby Chisti’s “Free Hugs”: Claiming Spaces Through Utopian Feminist Futures

This paper focuses on Chishti’s artwork entitled Free Hugs (2002), a three-dimensional installation consisting of ten half life-size female fabric sculptures holding each other in what seems like an empathetic embrace. Using textile residues and discards to shape the bodies, this installation creates a unified female experience of unknown futures, grief, loss, and love. Exhibited