Sustainability of Customary Society: A Case Study of Lampung, Indonesia

Abstract

Since the collapse of Soeharto's dictatorship (1966-1998), the democratization and decentralization are in progress in Indonesia. Also got out of the financial crisis then, Indonesia is now enjoying the benefits of economic expansion. Here, we will discuss about the sustainability of custom (adat) amidst these changes based on the cases from Lampung, Indonesia. Lampung is a province at the southern tip of Sumatra Island, and its indigenous people are also called the Lampung. They are living with the immigrants whose population is nearly eight times of them. This is the result of domestic migration came from dense population areas, such as the islands of Java and Bali, since 1905, especially at the time of Soeharto. As the result, multi-ethnic situation has become general not only in cities but also in the villages. Along with this migration, the labor mobility, materialistic tendencies, life course diversity is also causing custom changes. Currently, the main role of a custom is to define the relationships between kith and kin, between villagers, or between villages, also work as cultural norms for rituals. Here, we call the person who is playing an important role for the practice of custom as adat intellectuals. By focusing on them, the inheritance of the knowledge and the successor dilemma can be addressed as main factors for the sustainability of custom in Lampung.



Author Information
Masanori Kaneko, National Museum of Ethnology (MINPAKU), Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2013
Stream: Social Sciences

This paper is part of the ACSS2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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