Objective: This research aimed to study the willingness to participate in oral screening among high risk people who have practiced long-term smoking and betel quid chewing in one Muslim predominant community in Narathiwat province, Thailand. Method: This cross-sectional study adopted five distinctive variables of the Health Belief Model Theory in explaining the willingness to participate in oral screening. A total of 255 high risk adults 40 years of age or older was sampled by stratified random method according to their habits of smoking, chewing and both habits. A questionnaire-based interview was used to collect data. Results: The participants were 65.5% males. The mean age was 63.1 (SD = 11.7) years, ranging from 41 – 93 years. There were 52.1% smokers, 16.5% chewers and 31.4% practicing both habits. Most of them reported never having an oral screening experience (99.2%) yet were willing to take the screening (89.8%). Participants willing to participate in oral screening had significantly higher knowledge regarding oral cancer risk factors than the unwilling individuals (p < 0.05). The study also proved that the willingness to participate in oral screening among high risk people significantly related to their perceived barriers and self-efficacy (both ps, <0.001). Conclusion: The willingness to take part in oral screening among high risk people in the study was of a satisfactory level. The significant factors relating to willingness were knowledge, perceived barriers and self-efficacy. The results from this study could be applied in a strategy plan to promote willingness to participate in oral cancer screening.
Srisuk Khwankong, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Stream: Social Sciences
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