Poverty and Local Development in Mexico: Seeking Solutions

Abstract

Nowadays, Mexico is involved in two important processes: in the economic sphere, the Mexican government is engaged in an ongoing process of integration into the international economy. On the political and social level, is building a solid democracy system. However, the two processes are complex and are often characterized by the forgetfulness of "local development". Moreover, the intensification of the basic needs of the people leads to a high level of poverty that is related to the lack of the capacity to generate jobs, marketable services and infrastructure that allow them to interact with other economic and labor sectors. A recent report of the Mexican Social Development Ministry mentioned that 54% of Mexicans live in poverty, (surviving with less than USA $ 4 a day), while 32% do so with less than 2.5 dollars, and 24% with less than $ 2 a day.
Also, the main purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation of poverty and its effects on local development in Mexico. The central argument or hypothesis is that, the Mexican government at all levels (federal, state and municipal), with inappropriate strategies of combating poverty, tends to get lost in the complex system of the national economy; that mitigates the efforts of combatting poverty and social exclusion. Indeed, to achieve an efficient local development, it is necessary to take in account sociocultural, economic, technological, ecological and political actors. Furthermore, it is essential to generate thoughtful changes in the behavior of all these different actors.



Author Information
Louis Valentin Mballa, Independent Scholar, Mexico

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2013
Stream: Social Sciences

This paper is part of the ACSS2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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