Analysis on Social Remittances as the Impact of International Migrationcase Study: The Return Migrant Women in East Java, Indonesia

Abstract

The research examines the return migrant women remittances through social approaches. Remittances are mostly associated with economic contribution since they have given significant impact on increasing household income, influencing the exchange rate, and creating capital stock in most sending countries. Indonesia experiences a definite feminization of migrant labor force. The worker leaving Indonesia for Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Korea, and Taiwan have been women who seek work as low skilled migrants. Therefore I would like to emphasize more to the social aspect of Remittance on Return Migrant Women in East Java Indonesia.The analysis uses Levitt (2001) indicators on three types of social remittance: (1) normative structure, (2) system of practice, and (3) social capital. Data were collected from primary data (semi structured interviews and focus group discussion) and secondary data (literature review and documents). The results were analyzed by using qualitative approach.This research challenges the argument that migration and remittances privilege the economic at the expense of the social. Social remittances brought by return migrant women in East Java Province are noticed to promote immigrant entrepreneurship and community development. By propelling the social remittance approach, perspectives on the international migration debate can be more diverse. This will provide benefits for improving the quality of return migrant women, community empowerment, and appropriate policy making by the government.Keywords: social remittances return migrant women, empowerment, and development.



Author Information
Henny Rosalinda, Brawijaya University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2013
Stream: Social Sciences

This paper is part of the ACSS2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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