Logo-bibliotherapy on People Suffering from Myasthenia Gravis

Abstract

Myasthenia Gravis (MG), is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that is characterized by a weakness of the skeletal muscles within the body and is caused by circulating antibodies that block acethylcholine receptors at the post-synaptic neuromuscular junction, thus inhibiting the simulative effect of the neurotransmitter acethycholine. MG may not be a major public health problem in terms of the number of patients affected, however it becomes a chronic problem because of the impact it creates toward the patients due to the weakening of the muscles such as: chewing, swallowing, breathing (survival), movements of the limbs. Thus, patients experience a hard time conducting simple activities like climbing the stairs, walking. Furthermore, they are also bothered emotionally and psychologically, they feel depressed, hopelessness, agitated, panic attack, and unclear view of their future. This paper utilized LOGO-BIBLIOTHERAPY as an intervention for MG in response to Frankl’s view that finding meaning and purpose in life is the basic driving force and the fundamental desire of humans that may relieve them of their suffering. LOGO comes from the word logotherapy which means healing through meaning and BIBLIOTHERAPY which means healing through reading. Socratic questioning and stories were based on the modification of attitudes (reframing attitude from negative to positive), appealing technique and meaning triangle. Pre-test Post-test Controlled Group Design was used to 30 participants wherein they were equally divided into two groups—the experimental and controlled. This experimental design used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Purpose of Life (PIL) and Life Regards Index (LRI) tests. The experimental group was given logo-bibliotherapy intervention. The study revealed that the experimental group has decreased level of depression and increased positivism with the regards to their view in life . The result of this study has important repercussion to psychological practice as it can be a strategy to address issues of depression and low in purpose in life.



Author Information
Judy Aguinaldo, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines
Rosalito De Guzman, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2014
Stream: Psychology

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