This paper seeks to identify factors that implicate culture bound theory both in the socio demographic orientation of hikikomori and in the physical manifestation of `opting out` by `shutting in` and includes a brief comparison of those factors from a control culture with the related social expectation withdrawal of runaway. It uses as a baseline for analysis, Japan`s position in 3 of the culture value indices defined by Hofstede, (G.Hofstede: 1980) namely the dimensions of: Ø individualism; IDV, Ø power distance; PDI, Ø uncertainty avoidance; UAI, and seeks to analyse how, in conjunction with educational norms, peer behavioural patterns and employment expectations within a society, cultural values can determine how social withdrawal and `opting out` will present.
Maree Sugai, Tohoku University of Community Service and Science, Japan
This paper is part of the ACP2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
View / Download the full paper in a new tab/window