Applying Culture Bound Theory to Acute Social Withdrawal (hikikomori)

Abstract

This paper seeks to identify factors that implicate culture bound theory both in the socio demographic orientation of hikikomori and in the physical manifestation of `opting out` by `shutting in` and includes a brief comparison of those factors from a control culture with the related social expectation withdrawal of runaway. It uses as a baseline for analysis, Japan`s position in 3 of the culture value indices defined by Hofstede, (G.Hofstede: 1980) namely the dimensions of: Ø individualism; IDV, Ø power distance; PDI, Ø uncertainty avoidance; UAI, and seeks to analyse how, in conjunction with educational norms, peer behavioural patterns and employment expectations within a society, cultural values can determine how social withdrawal and `opting out` will present.



Author Information
Maree Sugai, Tohoku University of Community Service and Science, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2014
Stream: Psychology

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