Objectives: While psychosocial factors at work have been widely mentioned as important contributors to occupational stress, only recent research suggests that some non-work factors (e.g. some socioeconomic, personality and health risks) could also contribute to the adverse outcomes of work-related stress. The aim of our study was to develop a comprehensive instrument that would include a broad spectrum of work and non-work risks related to adverse negative outcomes of occupational stress.
Methods: The preliminary version of the instrument was obtained through three consecutive rounds of a Delphi study. Seven qualified experts in the workplace stress field, which participated in the first round, proposed and evaluated risk factors for adverse outcomes of occupational stress. The proposed most prominent risk factors were later reassessed in two online surveys by expanded group of 20 experts. The final version of the instrument consisted of 130 risk factors, which were classified into 18 categories based on substantive considerations.
Results: After the questionnaire had been completed by 349 Slovenian employees in different occupations the principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted. A four component solution (Direct Oblimin rotation, 68% explained variance) showed minimal cross-loading and identified the following primary factors, i.e. (i) organizational context, (ii) socio-economic characteristics of the employee, (iii) job characteristics and (iv) individual characteristics of the employee.
Conclusions: The study represents an important step toward the development of a comprehensive instrument for identifying potential risk factors associated with harmful work-related outcomes. Further validation of the tool in different work settings and samples is needed.
Nataša Sedlar, Sociomedical Institute at Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (4人目のaffiliation), Slovenia
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