The Role of Empathy in Experiencing of Loneliness of Others and Existential-Behavioral Training in the Empathy Development

Abstract

Modern life offers many opportunities to keep in touch with each other, but that does not mean the true relationship between people. This relatedness gives us a sense of spiritual belonging in the transcendental meaning; it helps us to maintain our integrity. In the processes of alienation and connectedness the important role belongs to the processes of empathy, allowing a person to decode the state of loneliness of Others. We try to develop the state of empathy of men, and this idea becomes the foundation for the existential-behavioral training for the employees of the retiring system that we developed. The idea of this research project is developed within the retiring system. The psychologist was able to observe different peculiarities of officials' attitude to retirees, who suffered from loneliness in the situation of retirement. Understanding of the Other’s feelings should be based on understanding of personal responsibility and developed morality. Empathy does not give moral rights to interfere in anyone's inner world, even with good intentions, because feelings and their reasons can be misinterpreted, and this invasion can cause harm. We had several hypothesis in our research: a) people who have a destructive sense of loneliness are less inclined to empathy; b)if loneliness is perceived as a resource and space for self-reflection, empathy could be highly developed, because a person who has such experience of "self-immersion" is more able to feel the Others. The results of this research enabled us to develop psychological training for social service workers to develop empathy in the context of a combined behavioral and existential-humanistic knowledge.



Author Information
Emma Meshcheryakova, Tomsk State University, Russia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2013
Stream: Psychology

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