Autonomy in language learning has been a key discussion in the realm of language teaching and learning for more than 30 years. However, to date, much research on autonomy was mainly focused on fostering learner autonomy in the classroom context. Autonomy in out-of-class learning is less paid into attention. According to Benson (2006: 26), out-of-class language learning is “a relatively new area in the literature on autonomy.” This present study srutinizes Indonesian tertiary students’ experiences in learning English beyond the classroom. Mixed method was employed in this study. A questionnaire which consisted of 19 Likert-scale items was distributed to 192 university students. To gain deeper insight into students’ experiences in out-of-class EFL learning, the researcher conducted the interview with six students. The quantitative analysis revealed that students’ autonomy in out-of-class EFL learning was at moderate level. The qualitative analysis supported the quantitative results with students’ narratives about their experiences in out-of-class EFL learning.
Priyatno Ardi, Institute of Languages and Communication, Indonesia
Stream: Language Learning
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