The Advantages of a Cognitive Stylistic Analysis of a Literary Text in the Teaching of English to Grade Seven Students in the Philippines


In the Revised 2010 Secondary Education Curriculum of the Philippines, the teaching of English focuses more on literary competence rather than critical thinking skills and communicative competence. Reading selections written in Philippine English are also given to Grade Seven students who, unfortunately, are not yet fully prepared to take in large amounts of texts making use of highfalutin words and complex structures of language. This paper aims to confirm and demonstrate how a cognitive stylistic analysis of a literary text can help in the teaching of both language use and literature, critical thinking and culture to second language learners of English in high school, particularly in Grade Seven. It aims to illustrate how readers arrive at new conceptions of the world through reading the linguistic elements of the text while incorporating their appropriate schema, personal experiences, cultural, literary, and linguistic background, and how the language teacher should utilize this information to motivate language learners to read, write and think in English. The language used in the short play written by Alberto Florentino, "The World is An Apple," will be analyzed using the theories of Cognitive Stylistics, particularly, schema theory, and the three major patterns in cognitive science: figure and ground distinction, cognitive metaphor theory, and prototypicality. The paper will also discuss briefly the use of Gricean maxims in the dialogue of the characters and how this helps in getting the main point across young language learners of English.

Author Information
Angelica Bautista, University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines

Paper Information
Conference: ACLL2013
Stream: Language Learning

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