The municipality's role in education provision has been discussed in last two decades that decentralization in Thailand has been an active issue. The most of municipalities provide early childhood and compulsory education but only seven municipalities have the vocational college. The purposes of this study were to (1) analyze the trends in vocational education provision of municipalities; and (2) propose guidelines for enhancing municipalities' learning process to develop career in the community. Data collecting in this study consisted of 1) questionnaires from the executive of 382 municipalities and 2) the educational experts' focus group interview. The findings from the survey found 7.9% of municipalities will establish vocational college in their area within 3 years and 92.1% will provide the vocational education in term of non-formal education to prevent local people relocation into the big city. 50.8% of municipalities seem to give their attention to create database of the community career. Findings from the experts' focus group interview were two guidelines for enhancing municipalities learning process to develop community career. The first guidelines involve development of municipalities' readiness to provide vocational education. It should focus on promoting awareness of the importance of career development and providing sufficient operational knowledge for municipalities. The second guidelines concentrate in enhancement of municipalities learning process according to three stages of career development. Since the vocational education for career development is a lifelong education that responds the community's needs, municipalities and communities can benefit from the vocational education provision in their continuous learning and sustainable developments.
Nalinrat Rakkusol, Kasetsart University, Thailand
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