Bulgarian Kindergartens on the Way to Change

Abstract

The paper describes an applied model of cooperation between science and business created to change the working environment in Bulgarian kindergartens. The aim is to propose a more motivating and effective learning process for 3 to 6 years old children through integration of interactive hardware technologies and educational software, taking into account the specific conditions in Bulgaria – from economic and traditional point of view. The Bulgarian system of preschool education with 130 years of history is summarized. The problem caused by discrepancy between parents’ expectations and real conditions at Bulgarian kindergartens is outlined. On one hand there is the new generation of parents and their children, expecting technologies-rich environment and an interactive approach of work. On the other hand we have a quite conservative system – old facilities, unwillingness in teachers and principals to introduce new technologies, lack of budget funds for modern equipment, low digital skills level, routine way of work and lack of incentives for innovation and change.Described is a model of cooperation between a team of scientists, publishing house and a nonprofit organization. The existing system for preschool education of the publisher is upgraded though contemporary technologies integration and interactive way of work. Tailored to the specific economic conditions in the country a low-cost hardware solution is implemented. In the best case, a Bulgarian kindergarten would have a laptop and a projector for the learning activities. The model operates in more than 100 kindergartens. More than 500 teachers are covered by trainings conducted by NGO’s team aiming in developing higher digital literacy and methodology competency. The model presents a system of work – from methodological motivation and technological solution to the complete process of implementation and application in pedagogical practice. New extension is the development of a methodological system for integrating programmable toys in teaching and learning activities.



Author Information
Rumyana Papancheva, University "Prof. Dr Asen Zlatarov", Bulgaria
Krasimira Dimitrova, University "Prof. Dr Asen Zlatarov", Bulgaria

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2013
Stream: Education

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