During the late nineteenth century, many Irish playwrights searched for a new "form" of drama as realistic drama was increasingly felt to be outmoded. A reaction against dominant realist and naturalist tendencies in literature was initiated by the French Symbolist Movement, begun during 1880 - 1895, which would expand into what might be called anti-realistic theatre. The aim of this research is to explore the impact of foreign influences such as Maeterlinckian and French Symbolism on the works of two major Irish playwrights: Oscar Wilde and William Butler Yeats. Through the analysis of Wilde's Salomé and Yeats's A Full Moon in March, this research examines how those influences created significant effects on their theatrical forms and dramatic techniques. This research will introduce the dramatic theories of Wilde and Yeats, and analyze the way they generated an experimental drama using the doctrines of French Symbolism and Maeterlinck. Thus, this research will show how those playwrights make use of foreign influences to create or evolve a modern technique of total theatre and discuss their use of those influences to construct their ideals form of drama.
Wiriya Dankamphaengkaew, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
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