Thai food has been recognized and become popular across the world. To present Thai food culture to foreigners, English translation of Thai menu is needed. Poor English translation can lead to misunderstanding of Thai culture and the taste of Thai food. On the other hand, proper English translation helps to communicate cultural identity and present traditional Thai cuisine. The research, therefore, aims to investigate the English translation of Thai menus and to propose the grammatical patterns in English translation of Thai menus. 290 Thai menu items with English names and description are obtained from four to five stars hotels employing expatriate executive chefs to operate the hotel restaurants. This is to ensure the comprehensibility of English translation of the Thai menus. According to types and serving styles of Thai food culture, the menu items are categorized into 10 groups: salads, soup, curries, fried, deep-fried, steamed, baked/ braised/ roasted, grilled/barbeque, rice/ noodles/chili dips, and desserts. After grouping, 148 menu items are selected to be analyzed for grammatical patterns of English translation in each category. The analytical form is created to organize and group the menu items. The significance of the study is the intention to propose proper grammatical patterns in English translation of Thai menus to be used as a guideline in translating Thai menus into English language. Moreover, the patterns will be used and practiced in translating more Thai menus in class of “English for Food and Beverage Service” course.
Piyada Low, Kasetsart University, Thailand
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