Examining a Collaborative Conversational Feature between Australian Men and Women

Abstract

Many past studies of gender interaction discussed differences in masculine and feminine conversational styles. In particular, collaborative talk is regarded as a feminine conversational style. For example, Holmes (2006) makes a summary that most gender studies found that women tend to collaborative while men tend to be challenging in everyday communication.

However the author of this study believes that both men and women adopt collaborative features in their conversations. The purpose of this study is to find whether a collaborative feature in everyday conversation is confined to only women’s conversational feature or if it is also apparent in men’s conversation. In particular, this study focuses on looking at one of collaborative conversational features of one sentence expansion (OSE) which was defined by Lerner (1991).

The data of this study was collected in Australia. All participants of this study are Australians who are native speakers of English. This study adopts both quantitative and qualitative analysis. For the quantitative analysis, a total of 12 conversations were recorded with a voice recorder: men only, women only, and both mixed conversation. The quantitative results of this study show that while men showed 23 cases of OSE while women showed 12 cases of OSE. For the qualitative analysis, this study adopts Discourse Analysis (DA) to examine how cases of OSE in this study were delivered by participants of this study. The results show that both men and women were similarly used cases of OSE in this study.



Author Information
Yoshihiko Yamamoto, Ritsumeikan University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACCS2014
Stream: Cultural Studies

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