The issues of refugees in Indonesia are considered serious and needed immediate response. These are not only because Indonesia has become the transit destination, but also the origin country of them. The definition of refugees based on Refugee Convention 1951 and Protocol 1967 is those who left their origin countries due to persecution caused by issues of differential race, religion, nationality or social groups and particular political opinion. As these people are not protected in their home country, they need to seek for international protection. Thus, refugee problems are human rights problem among nations as two countries are involved; the home country and the host country. Refugees require relief like nationality status, and assistance in the form of food, medicine, clothes and shelter. Throughout this time, management of refugees in Indonesia is categorized as durable solution. These are assimilation/naturalisation, repatriation, resettlement through security model and set aside individual rights model that emphasize human rights. As such, it is needed new approach model through interfaith and intercultural dialog. This approach needs to be followed by legal and structural approaches. In legal approach for example, Indonesia needs to do ratification and accession of Refugee Convention 1951 and Protocol 1967 in due time. While structural approach means enhancing the role of apparatus in the management of refugees to meet harmonization in international relations.
Atik Krustiyati, University of Surabaya, Indonesia
Stream: Cultural Studies
This paper is part of the ACCS2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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