In 1909 (the 42nd year of Meiji), Taiwan governor’s office initiated an first immigration project in Central Hualien in Eastern Taiwan by building three government-run agricultural immigrant villages called Yoshino Mura, Toyota Mura and Hayashida Mura. This planning of villages influenced those villages in a great deal. Throughout the course of time, many colonial structures and spaces in these villages were left uninhabited/abandoned, transforming them into heritage/historical sites.
This study focuses on three historical sites that play an important role during Japanese colonial period, and seeks to investigate on the cultural and spacial representation of the government-run immigration villages of Yoshino Mura, Toyota Mura, and Hayashida Mura in Central Hualien. Three examples are the sites discovered in these three villages: temples, the residence of the stationmaster, and the tobacco towers that witness the three villages in three aspects- religion, transportation system, and tobacco industry. Belien temple, situated in Toyota Mura, was built as a place to worship gods and goddesses from both Japanese and Taiwanese traditional religion. It stands as an important structure for religion in the community. The residence of the stationmaster in Toyota Mura is now transformed into the Five-Flavors House, a community charity shop run by local children as well as teenagers with help from voluntary workers. There are many tobacco towers left In Hayashida Mura that now became a tourist site. Comparison of past and present conditions among these villages is done to reveal the difference from its original foundation to development, and to find out the relationship between these spaces and residences in the immigrant villages in order to analyze potential resources for sustainability and creativity of the cultural heritage for future development.
Hsin-Yun Lee, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Stream: Cultural Studies
This paper is part of the ACCS2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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