A study on the traditional costume of the tribal women of the Reang community was conducted in the state of Tripura, India. Tripura, a small state in the North Eastern Region of the country with a population of 31, 91,168, of which 31.05% belonged to the schedule tribe category. The Reang is the second dominant tribes of Tripura having a population of 1,65,103. The tribal communities are known for its conformity in clothing. Conformity is a process by which individual adapt their behavior to pre-existent norms. It is a form of social interaction within the tribal community in which one tries to maintain standards set by group. The traditional Reang tribal women weave their traditional fabrics on loin loom, dye yarns in black, brown and white. Their tribe could be identified by the pattern and colour woven in their costume. Their traditional costume consists of two parts the “ria” and the “riwgnai” which are wrapped on the chest and the lower part of the body, respectively. Reang women wear ornament made of silver coins. However, with change is socio-economic status of this community, certain cultural changes have been observed and can be witnessed in their traditional costume. Traditional dyed yarn has been replaced by factory dyes acrylic yarns available in the market, use of motifs from other tribal communities of that region, use of non-traditional colours etc. It was observed that the draping of the traditional costume varied among individuals in the same community and influences from other culture get reflected in the draping pattern. The study focuses on the changes in traditional costume women of the Reang women in the 21st century and correlating it with socio-cultural factors.
Paramita Sarkar, National Institution of Fashion Technology, India
Stream: Asian Studies
This paper is part of the ACAS2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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