The formation of Brazil as a nation was a tortuous process, whose progress was made during the nineteenth century, particularly in the period from 1808 until 1850. The dates guiding this development are the arrival of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil, due to the Napoleonic wars in Europe, extending to the end of the last revolt in the Empire, now under the command of D. Pedro II. During this period, the periodical press had outstanding performance, since it helped to form the public opinion and discuss what should be the Brazilian nation. Among the various responsibilities for the construction of this public instance of debates we found the journalist Cipriano Barata. Member of a generation whose intellectual formation took place in Europe, especially in the University of Coimbra, Barata brought to Brazil the illustrated readings and ideas, thus spreading the so-called civic conception of nation, based on rights for all sets of the Brazilian people. The objective is therefore to demonstrate, through the work of the journalist, the importance of the periodical press in debates about the construction of the Brazilian nation, thus contributing to the breakdown of the Portuguese Empire in America. The research has been developed by consulting newspapers published by Cipriano Barata between 1823 and 1831, comparing the data obtained from the existing literature on the subject, for the preparation of a final analysis.
Luiz Carlos Ferraz Manini, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brazil
Stream: Arts & Humanities
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