In general, Taiwan’s folk art tradition is inherited from the local characteristics in Fujian and Guangdong areas of mainland China. However, after the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Japan began colonizing Taiwan, and also gradually reformed the education system, language, habituation, custom and religion that existed in Taiwan since ancient times. Moreover, during this period, the implementation of painting education was the most significant influence on Taiwan’s folk art.
In 1912, elementary school students began to have painting class. It not only emphasized the inspiration of children’s intelligence, but also the learning of the basic pattern and perspective drawing technique; that is, the cultivation of their observation ability. In addition, these elements can be considered as integrating the basis of western painting into painting education, and then become one of the key factors to change Taiwan’s folk art style during Japanese colonial period.
This study adopted painting education during Japanese colonial period as the research subject to explore the influence of related historic background and the changes in actual artworks on Taiwan’s folk art, which can also be used as the record reference for historic context.
Tsai Yahui, Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Stream: Arts & Humanities
This paper is part of the ACAH2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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