When interpreting Liu’s poems about mountains and rivers, we can discover that there is quite an amount of intense melancholy and worry. From this, we can examine his poems from dream illusion. Even though his terms contain many absurd and obscure words, due to the revealing of dream illusion, we can find that there are words with double aspects. Hence, in his writing, the usage of dream illusion, in fact, includes the escape to the fairy land of anxiety. On the other hand, the collision between fantasy and reality induces the fall of traditional writing. Therefore, in Liu’s dream, there are depressed colors with desperation and collapse.
The dream illusion applies the imagination of original home in literature; the mountains and rivers are a suppressed scene of relegated officer’s situation. Liu uses the fantasy of dream illusion and transformation to fulfill his unexpectable dream of return. However, the compromise of dream illusion can approach the deepest aspiration of the poet. On the one hand, it provides rest, but in its fragility and uncertainty in spiritual condition, it creates partition. Consequently, in Liu’s poem, the dream, journey, and waking of his narrations, the collision between dream and reality becomes more obvious. However, if not due to the dream, there is no hope for Liu’s deepest aspiration to return to his homeland. Only owing to the absurdity of mountains and rivers and the unhappiness in the reality of writing, he can create his pure happiness wholly. That is, the space of fairy land is the way of life for Liu after his relegation to his way of literary composion.
Yu-Ning Shen, National ChengChi University, Taiwan
Stream: Arts & Humanities
This paper is part of the ACAH2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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