Internal and External Factors Lead to Curriculum Change at Higher Education Institutions in Georgia


Various internal and external factors influence curriculum change and implementation which include but is not limited to the state educational policies, leadership and management, education institutional settings, teachers, technological advancement, resource materials, etc. These internal and external influential factors are closely interconnected. The UN Sustainable Development Goal Four (SDG4) focuses on education and aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education for all; With this purpose it is critical to revise the curriculum based on the feedback obtained from all stakeholders. This article analyzes some internal and external factors which caused curriculum change of the Philology Program, International Black Sea University (IBSU), Tbilisi, in 2022. To get a full picture of the change process, the case study applied qualitative method, interviewing the decision-makers, the program coordinator, the lecturers who are responsible for implementation of a new program, and the recipients – the students. The study used some statistics from IBSU Students’ Affair Department for the verification of the results. The article highlights the problem of curriculum change from different perspectives - from policy changes by the Ministry of Education of Georgia to expected outcomes. The arguments and analysis offered by the authors will enable the researchers, policy makers, lecturers and implementers to get first-hand information about the students’ and academic staff’s recent experiences regarding implementation of curriculum change, sharing necessary knowledge and technique how to deal with persistent issues during teaching/learning process. The article concludes with the considerations on the scale of changes needed in HEIs to keep steady pace with ever-evolving environment over the world.

Author Information
Irma Machitidze, International Black Sea University, Georgia
Irina Bakhtadze, International Black Sea University, Georgia

Paper Information
Conference: BCE2023
Stream: Curriculum Design & Development

This paper is part of the BCE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Machitidze I., & Bakhtadze I. (2023) Internal and External Factors Lead to Curriculum Change at Higher Education Institutions in Georgia ISSN: 2435-9467 – The Barcelona Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon