Students’ English Learning Exposure: Preferable Type and Geographical Location


Indonesia has a vast region with thousands of islands within it. Distributing equal learning exposure to English foreign language learning across the region is an inevitable issue. Several studies have been conducted either in the area of learning exposure or descriptive inferential on the effect of geography on education. However, rarely any study traces causal relation between English exposure which is affected by students’ geographical area. Many aspects influence exposure, yet the location is not mentioned. Therefore, it is an important issue to be discussed, especially for distance learning institutions since it has difficulties controlling students’ learning environment. By observing this case, Universitas Terbuka which employs open and distance learning can formulate a better learning approach. Using data that is extracted from 76 participants from 28 regional offices located all over Indonesia, the researcher expected to see whether there was any meaningful relationship between the exposure and the geographical location where the students live. By using a nested sampling design, the researcher administered a questionnaire followed by in-depth interviews with selected participants. A mixed method with quantitative and qualitative analysis is applied in this study. The first finding from the questionnaire showed a similar result that English exposure either in the form of watching a movie, practicing English with a friend, or listening to music is preferred over learning English in school despite the various geographical background of participants. Second, the geographical location where the students live shapes their preference for certain types of exposure.

Author Information
Siti Hadianti, Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ECLL2023
Stream: Learning Environments

This paper is part of the ECLL2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Hadianti S. (2023) Students’ English Learning Exposure: Preferable Type and Geographical Location ISSN: 2188-112X The European Conference on Language Learning 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon