Some Aspects of South Korean Youth Political Protest Culture of the Candlelight Rallies in the Information Technology Age


The rapid progression in information and communication technologies has created a new paradigm of political participation in several countries worldwide. The diffusion of this technology is at the global forefront in South Korea. The South Korean youths have a growing presence of this through expanding social networks, new alliances, businesses, protests and advocacy campaigns, and websites expressing divergent views and perspectives. This paper traces the factors that promoted the protest culture among South Korean youths. It discusses their active political participation through the youth movement in light of increasing technological advances that have allowed unprecedented access to real-time information and knowledge sourcing. The specific focus is on the Candlelight Protests of 2008, which is the hallmark of youth’s political force, gradually portraying and unfolding as the nation progresses. Attention is also paid to historical events in highlighting the youth social movement, rooted during the 1930s Great Depression up to the blooming of online activism. It is demonstrated that instantaneous access to information and online resources in South Korea has empowered Korean youths to contribute to organizations and society by demanding greater participation and involvement in national decision-making. It is ascertained that the boom in South Korean technologies has significantly impacted a legacy of an expanding South Korean youth protest movement. The discussion demonstrates that there is growth and change in the activities where the mobilization process has taken place in encouraging the protest culture among South Korean youth. These developments significantly impact the current and possible future formation of democracy.

Author Information
Noor Sulastry Yurni Ahmad, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Azmat Gani, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

Paper Information
Conference: PCAH2023
Stream: Political Science

This paper is part of the PCAH2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Ahmad N., & Gani A. (2023) Some Aspects of South Korean Youth Political Protest Culture of the Candlelight Rallies in the Information Technology Age ISSN: 2758-0970 The Paris Conference on Arts & Humanities 2023 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon