Future Preschool Teachers’ Perspectives on Integrating Music Into the Teaching Activities


This paper focuses on the positive effects of music on the development of children’s musical and general abilities and the readiness of future preschool teachers to use music in different daily activities. The aim of the study was to determine the students’ opinions about the importance of music in preschool education and the musical skills needed to integrate it into teaching activities. The study involved 194 (n = 194) students. An online questionnaire on Google Drive was created and completed by eight groups of students from March 2022 to November 2022. The study addressed three research questions: RQ1: At what level do students assess the importance of integrating types of musical activities into preschool education? RQ2: What musical skills are required for a preschool teacher? RQ3: What level of musical skills do future music teachers have? Three research scales were defined in the study: the importance of music (a=.747), musical skills (a=.840), and students’ competence (a=.832). Cronbach’s alpha, descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Mann-Whitney U-Test were calculated to analyze the data obtained. The study determined that students rate all types of musical activities except learning music theory at a high level but prefer using speech games and movement games. The students acknowledge that a preschool teacher needs the skill to improvise and engage children in different musical games. Singing and actively listening to music cause the most difficulties. The results obtained in the study can be used to improve the musical competence of students.

Author Information
Ligita Stramkale, University of Latvia, Latvia

Paper Information
Conference: PCE2023
Stream: Professional Training

This paper is part of the PCE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Stramkale L. (2023) Future Preschool Teachers’ Perspectives on Integrating Music Into the Teaching Activities ISSN: 2758-0962 The Paris Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2758-0962.2023.19
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2758-0962.2023.19

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon