This study applied content analysis method to explore the differences in mathematical literacy question types, knowledge attributes, answer types and content characteristics of the function units of middle school mathematics textbooks in Taiwan N version, Finnish Laskutaito, German L version and U.S.A. CMP. Results showed that the mathematical literacy question types of the four countries' mathematics textbooks highly emphasized on non-mathematical literacy questions. The German L version has the highest proportion, and Taiwan N version has the lowest proportion in the mathematical literacy questions. In terms of knowledge attributes, the Taiwan N version and the Finnish Laskutaito focused on procedural knowledge, while the German L version and the U.S.A. CMP highlighted on connection. In terms of the answer types, the textbooks of the four countries mainly focused on close-ended questions, while the Taiwan N version has the lowest and the German L version has the highest proportion on open-ended questions. In terms of the content characteristics, each country has their own characteristics. For example, the German L version and the U.S.A. CMP put more emphasis on daily life situations. Discussion and implications will be discussed.
Tseng Zi-Lin, National Chiayi University, Taiwan
Der-Ching Yang, National Chiayi University, Taiwan