The military and education sectors’ knowledge developmental goals are often similar. Literature notes it can be advantageous to integrate civilian and military design (Cai, F., Zhang, P., & Ling, Y., 2020). Civilian sector education benefits from academic and culturally-derived models for curriculum design. The military often uses its own culturally-derived models of design and implementation. However, the end goals are often the same, providing knowledge to close gaps, inspire growth, or prepare for future challenges. Each group benefits from proven methods tailored to their specific requirements. How can each sector pursue evidence-based methods of curriculum design while still finding efficiencies in efforts with precision in creation? Perhaps an answer exists in the blending of the military planning processes with proven academic curriculum design models.
The ADDIE model provides educators a five-step model for curriculum development that has been utilized by civilian educators since the 1970s. The Joint Planning Process provides United States military planners a set of steps and guidelines for accomplishing tasks that require choosing courses of action and forecasting success and failure of implementation. The integration of the ADDIE model’s considerations while moving through the steps of the Joint Planning Process is synchronization of each sectors’ models proposed in this study that provides both sectors with a series of best practices when engaging in future curriculum design. Furthermore, it presents an opportunity for these two sectors to examine and flourish through the use of multiple-combined best practices through a new and unique lens of understanding.
Zachary D. Unger, VetED Inc., United States
Jennifer L. Phillips, University of Southern California, United States
Stream: Education / Pedagogy
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