In recent years, one of the important policy issues in the telecommunication field is to create environments where children can use the Internet safely and securely. Risks on the Internet are challenges that face children across national borders, so it is necessary to implement youth protection policies in international cooperation. In response to these policy issues, the OECD Council adopted the OECD Recommendation on the Protection of Children Online in 2011. This recommendation complies with the Convention on the Rights of the Child enacted by the United Nations and aims to properly protect children while respecting their rights to use the Internet as much as possible. This recommendation focuses on three important policy issues: 1) the need for an evidence-based policy-making approach, 2) maintaining policy co-ordination, consistency and coherence, and 3) strengthening international cooperation. This paper studied the degree of progress of each country's protection policies toward the above three policy objectives as of 2020, eight years after the recommendation was issued, by a literature survey. As a result of the study, the following became clear: 1) applying evidence-based policy in child protection was inadequate 2) because enforcing the protection policy was fragmented, the co-ordination, consistency and coherence of the policies were insufficient 3) major International cooperation policies are being addressed in awareness-raising policies.
Nagayuki Saito, International Professional University of Technology in Tokyo, Japan
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