In the past, military, economic, trade, and political issues have been the focus of many international organizations, however environmental issues have become increasingly significant, given the impact of environmental factors on issues of both trade and national security. In organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), environmental pollution and climate change are becoming prominent topics of discussion, despite traditionally being limited to areas of scientific research. Indonesia is both the most significant contributor and victim of the Southeast Asian haze. However, haze pollution is a transregional environmental problem affecting all neighboring countries including Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam. Many of these countries recognize the importance of organizations such as the ASEAN in addressing these issues and hope that treaties and negotiations can form long term solutions. This paper adopts environmental treaties which belong to the ASEAN framework, including the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) and the ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy 2006 – 2020. This study uses a ‘level of analysis’ system to explain the long-term impact of haze pollution on Southeast Asian countries and proposes further possibilities for transnational cooperation on environmental issues in the ASEAN.
Yi-Ting Lin, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan
Stream: Environmental Sustainability & Environmental Management: Atmosphere and Air
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