Most of the remains from ancient Egypt came from tombs and temples, as the Egyptians believed in afterlife eternity. That was the main influence for the development of art in ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptian artist covered the walls with hieroglyphic texts and illustrations that serve their eternity believes, but his organization of the elements on the walls wasn’t random, it followed accurate squared grid systems to align and size the elements within the given format with great proficiency (Madsen, R.S, 2019). The application of this rule started in the old Egyptian kingdom with minor changes in proportions in the following middle and new kingdom. In the twenty first century new graphical concepts emerged and the use of graphic software has provided unlimited artistic manipulations and design grids. Such innovative geometrical grids act as effective organizational systems and provide new design layouts. This research studies the integration of innovative 2d grid systems (Abstract geometrical grids, simple layered 2d grids, double layered grids) and 3d grid systems (isometric grids, linear perspective grids) with the Egyptian hieroglyphic texts and illustrations. Each grid provides a different mathematical concept with different design options. Artistic demonstrations are created by the researcher to visually analyze the results and study the impact of using each grid in reorganizing the pharoanic scenes and creating a new modern pharoanic identity, following the design principles - harmony, balance, rhythm and visual perception- in the layout formation.
Heba El Kamshoushy, Alexandria University, Egypt