Gender inequality is a multi-dimensional issue. According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2020 it shall take 99.5 years to close the gender gaps in education, economic participation, political empowerment and health. Any workable solution must address all these dimensions and the cultural attitudes that socialize gender inequalities. This is where gender mainstreaming comes in. According to UNDP’s report on Tackling Social Norms, unequal power relations and gender roles among individuals can be changed through education, awareness and incentives. The Gender Mainstreaming Framework for Skill Development interacts with all three. It operationalizes education and awareness; while suggesting incentives for inclusivity and opportunity across the gender spectrum. It engages the lived intersectionality of learning, earning, and leading; i.e. skill development and andragogy, the dynamics of labor market and economies, and the policies, priorities, and instruments to drive sustainable, systemic transformation. The framework is a five by three rubric which focuses on three dimensions – knowledge (cognitive), competency (skill) and attitude (social-emotional or behavioural). There are five gender sensitivity (GS) levels which show a progression in the three dimensions from GS 1 to GS 5. The framework is not just limited to women. It is open, flexible and inclusive of all gender identities and performances. The framework can be used to design gender cognizant curricula and content as well as evaluate existing ones. Organizations, institutions, and individuals can utilize it to for self-evaluations as well as assessing gender mainstreaming attitudes, practices, policies – thereby improving quality and gender responsiveness of their processes.
Sabeena Mathayas, National Skill Development Corporation, India
Tanya Padda, National Skill Development Corporation, India