This project is to design and develop agricultural areas in accordance with the concept of participatory agriculture ecology to solve poverty and protect the environment. Using the study of Landscape ecology and agriculture ecology concepts. In-depth interviews were used to explore the problems and impacts of agriculture affecting the economy Society and Environment of Wapi Pathum District Maha Sarakham Province. The key findings showed that the former agricultural area was all forest area. The forest area was transformed to agriculture area. This community has been doing agriculture for more than 50 years. The farmers have been using fertilizer and chemicals for a long time. This results in reduced agricultural production and environment deterioration. To address these solutions the concept of "New Theory Agriculture" should be introduced to the farmers by focusing on growing a variety of plants for various uses. Also "Khok Nong Na Model" concept should be implemented to help enhance land and water management for agriculture activities throughout the year. Moreover “Agroforestry” together with "Organic agriculture" will help rehabilitate the complete degraded forest area. Also the treatment of soil, water and air with ecological plant could potentially help reduce toxin in the environment. Finally the Principles of landscape agricultural guidelines will help create beautiful agricultural areas, sustainable, suitable for learning resources and tourist attractions. Combining these concept together contributes a new type of agriculture to help and create better quality environment.
Umpa Buarapa, Mahasarakham University, Thailand
Wichanat Tiwasing, Mahasarakham University, Thailand
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