Reflection on Mādhyamika Philosophy and Japanese Buddhism

Abstract

This paper tries to explore the Reflection on Mādhyamika Philosophy and Japanese Buddhism. Buddhist philosophy declares that all worldly things are impermanent and full of suffering.Nāgārjuna was the systematic expounder of Mādhyamika Philosophy. He emphasizes middle view and avoids all extreme or absolute “ism’’(void). And he admits śūnyatā which has two sense svabhāva śūnyatā and prapaῆca śunyatā. According to Mādhyamika Philosophy śūnyata, nirvāņa, samsāra have the same meaning that everything is śūnya. That’s why highest truth or absolute is śūnya. This is non–conceptual and non-conventional. It is peaceful and highest wisdom (prajῆā –pāramitā)which can be realized by the practice of vipaśyanā meditation. Buddhism was established into Japan in seventh Century. Japanese Buddhism is an umbrella term for a number of Buddhist schools of thought and practice. Such as - Shingon Buddhism, Nichiren Buddhism, Zen Buddhism, Tendai Buddhism and so on. The object of our study is to explore the relation between Mādhyamika system of Buddhism and the Tendai and Zen schools of Buddhism of Japan. The Buddhist idea of Tendai and Zen are completely same as Mādhyamika Point. Tendai believes that all things are śūnya and Zen believes that only absolute is true and realization of absolute is possible only through meditation. Besides that modern Japanese Buddhism also emphasizes on Prajῆā-pāramitā. Therefore this paper is humble attempt to show the importance of Mādhyamika Philosophy in the Context of Japanese Buddhism.



Author Information
Namramita Bhuiya, Kishore Bharati Bhagini Nivedita (co-ed) College, India

Paper Information
Conference: ACERP2020
Stream: Philosophy - Philosophy and Religion

This paper is part of the ACERP2020 Conference Proceedings (View)
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