Basically, this study endeavored to ascertain the ideal attributes that could make an exemplary Maguindanaon ruler. It also aimed to probe through analytical criticism the folktales for the purpose of discovering what these reveal of Maguindanaon political organization and cultural identity. The findings of this study were obtained through the use of Joseph Campbell’s Heroic Archetypes as well as the socio-cultural approach in literary criticism. The folktales included were selected based on their apparent portrayal of the Sultan/Datu images which happened to be the main focus of the study. The vital analysis was done on the selected folktales clearly showed that the most often ruler hero portrayed were the noble ones who play superior or extreme concept of a datu role by using their power in order to oppress people of lower rank in their kingdom. Nevertheless, there were also ruler character portrayed with generosity, openhandedness, humility and piety that are basically intended to serve as identities of ideality worth emulating.
Almira Menson, Mindanao State University, Philippines
Stream: Cultural Studies
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