Breaking the Shackles: Toward a Taxonomy of Interactive Cinema


Drawing on Eric Zimmerman’s four types of interactivity, this paper proposes a taxonomy of interactive cinema by defining four modes of interactive movies: the cognitive mode; physical mode; collective mode; and selective mode. The above cinematic modes are not distinct or mutually exclusive, and their emergence follows a generally chronological order. More importantly, the rise of a new mode did not render the existing ones obsolete. Conversely, it absorbs interactive features that have been commonly accepted and integrates them into an original form. As a result, the once-rigid boundaries between various artistic and cultural forms are more blurred than ever. It is predictable that in the future, moving pictures will be presented as interactive multimedia projects that exist as a variety of formats and can be accessed by a diversity of platforms.

Author Information
Chao Ming, Communication University of China, China

Paper Information
Conference: MediAsia2019
Stream: Film Criticism and Theory

This paper is part of the MediAsia2019 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon