The "frame-drainage-dike" water system in the rural areas of China's Suzhong is one of the achievements of the "Reclamation project" implemented by Zhang Jian in the early 20th century. On the one hand, the system has evolved into a unique geographical feature, which has important historical value. On the other hand, changes in lifestyles have impacted the human settlements in the aera and the living mode adjacent to water makes water governance a problem of rural human settlements that has to be faced. Through the research on the evolution process of human settlements in this area, the water environment problem is the result of the comprehensive action of multiple factors which are as follows: 1. Pollution - the amount of pollution exceeds the self-cleaning load; 2. Structure - the network interoperability brings inefficiency of water pollution discharge; 3. Spatial pattern--village settlement planning changes the traditional human settlement pattern; 4. Life pattern--the dependence on the water system is reducing; 5. Pollution Control-- the essence of government pollution control means is "governance after pollution first". The water pollution formation mechanism reflects the running-in process between the human settlement environment and the water system in the area, and its essence is the gradual deviation and passive treatment plan. Finally, in order to make full use of resource endowment and develop this water network system, this paper proposes strategies from the following aspects-the water, village and government. From then on, it improves the rural water environment governance system that adapts to new era.
Huang Xiaoqing, Southeast University, China
Stream: Environmental Sustainability & Environmental Management: Freshwater
This paper is part of the ACSEE2019 Conference Proceedings (View)
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