Equality of education is prominently presented in the constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand. However, inequality has been found in Thai education and must be addressed soonest. The survey results about life and society from King Prajadhipok’s Institute indicated that factors causing inequality in Thai education most likely were from family’s income and property. Considered the ongoing situations, it has been found that family income and property were not equal in a family level and regional level. The problems are from economic, social, and cultural circumstances that are different across the country. The research result showed that there were 3 factors causing educational inequality in Thailand. They are social status and family economy that affect students’ education. Families with stable social status and high levels of income contribute quality of education to children. The second factor is social environment. Children living in remote areas are most likely in need of opportunities to be educated. The last factor is culture and family way of life. Children living with functional families have more chances of an education than those who live in dysfunctional families which resulting from their parent education experience and capability to raise children. In order to lower inequality in education in Thailand, quality of life, people’s livelihood, income distribution of people in all regions, including education opportunities for children in remote areas have to be developed to meet equality in all areas. Meanwhile, family values on education have to be adjusted which leads to solving this problems in soonest.
Jinnawat Lertpradit, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
Uthai Keawpetch, Patumwan Demonstration School, Thailand
Stream: Education / Pedagogy
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