This research attempts to study the selected factors related to the juvenile delinquency group and to tests predictions about selected factors related to juvenile delinquency by using the problem behavior theory. The conceptual model was tested with 300 high school students and 300 juvenile delinquency youth (mean age: 18.0 years). Discriminant analysis indicates that family functions, perceived peer norms, future orientation and self-control can differentiate the student group from juvenile delinquency group. (Wilks’ Lambda= .321, p< .001) and yielded the total predictive efficiency of 92.7% Results showed that there are 4 predictor variables can differentiate between groups: family functions(X1), perceived peer norms(X2), future orientation(X3), and self-control(X4). The discriminated equation in raw score and standard score forms could be showed as follows: Predicted Y = -1.352 + .055 (X1) + .068 (X2) - .134 (X3) - .040 (X4) and Z = .622 (X1) + .426 (X2) - .519 (X3) - .422 (X4) respectively. The teachers can make an annual assessment about their student’s behavior through this approach which will in turn, help the student to reduce the problem behavior. The results confirm the relationship of perception of family functions, perceptual norms group of friends, future orientation, self-control, and problem behavior. Suggestions and implications are discussed.
Arunchaya Bunchookittiyot, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
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