This paper investigates Power-Dependence in Domestic Politics and Interdependence, Balance of Power and Soft Law in Diplomacy, Comparison of Bureaucracy in the History between the US., UK., EU and Japan. This paper consists of four parts. First, this paper investigates the similarity and common factors of Power-dependence in Domestic Politics and Interdependence in Diplomacy. I consider the power-dependence theory in intergovernmental relations by Rhodes and the interdependence theory in international relations by Nye and Keohane have similarity and common factors. Second, this paper investigates the Bureaucracy of Power-Dependence. In Japan, the Bureaucracy and Government coordinate the politicians, interest groups and local government. On the other hand, Bureaucracy and Government have conflicted to take initiative of politics. This paper investigates the cooperation and conflict between bureaucrats and government in Liberal Democratic Party and Democratic Party in Japan. Third, this paper investigates the Soft Law and Balance of Power in U.S., U.K., EU and Japan focusing on the Bureaucracy and Government of Power-Dependence, and Interdependence in Diplomacy. The diplomacy of United States, United Kingdom and European Union is influenced by the Balance of Power and Collective Security. This paper investigates how the balance of power influences the diplomacy. Finally, in Japan, Bureaucracy and Official Residence have cooperated and fought to take initiative and leadership. This paper investigates the history of Bureaucracy between the U.S., U.K., EU and Japan.
Yoshihiro Nagata, Nagoya University, Japan
Stream: International Relations
This paper is part of the IICSEEHawaii2019 Conference Proceedings (View)
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