Placemaking has been one of the attempts by grassroots communities to improve the aesthetic appeal of kampung urban informal settlement in Indonesia, in hopes of creating new opportunities for the residents to develop creative output relevant to their historical value of the place and cultural speciality. Hence, they will be able to strengthen and use their local identity as a form of resistance against the government's demolishment plan of their kampung. However, it is still unclear whether these initiatives have contributed to the kampung and its inhabitants. Therefore, the main purpose of this concurrent mixed-method study was to examine the effects of organic-led placemaking in Indonesia's kampung. Two main research questions are addressed: How is the relationship between types of placemaking and perceived social outcome measures, which in this case is specifically focus on the local identity and pride? What distinguishes each of these relationships? A survey of 227 was conducted to gain the general perception of local residents in two kampungs in Indonesia. The survey was followed by 33 in-depth interviews with purposefully selected individuals from residents to elaborate upon those survey results. The quantitative analysis comprised two steps: Principal Component Analysis and Multiple Linear Regression. The results suggested: 1. Two main factors, which were apparently shown as two distinctive types of placemaking, Regular Placemaking and Temporal Placemaking, 2. Differences on each factor's significancy to the local identity. To understand how and why certain they contributed differently, those statistical results will be integrated with themes from qualitative analysis.
Poeti Nazura Gulfira Akbar and Jurian Edelenbos
Stream: Geography and Landscape/Urban Planning, Architecture and Design
This paper is part of the HCNY2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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