With the reclamation of the Pontine Marshes - known all over the world as the main unresolved Italian heritage - and the construction of the New Towns during the 1930's, the Fascist Party achieves its most significant territorial project. This project becomes the first Regime's propagandistic instrument concluding, in less than ten years, the reclamation and the construction of New Agro Pontino cities. As a Fascist's propagandistic tool, the New Towns change drastically their meaning - and consequently their form - through time. Starting from this consideration three main questions arise: How the changing of culture can modify the urban space; how, this specific urban space, becomes Urban Heritage; what is the role of memory in defining the Urban Heritage in Modernist New Towns? Starting from the case study of Italian's New Towns I try to highlight the meaning of Urban Heritage understood as a set of architectural artefacts, which constitute the city, and which over time reinvent themselves and adapt themselves to the society's new behaviours and models of life. This paper intend also to define the term 'Urban Heritage" starting from the concept of resilience of modern buildings which, despite their symbolic meaning, are able even today to build - or to destroy - human relationship inside the city. Finally, the Urban Heritage will be used as a tool to read again these cities with a new perspective able to give a new meaning to the 'historical memoryā€¯ of the buildings and the cities of modern era.
Stream: Geography and Landscape/Urban Planning, Architecture and Design
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