A pattern of settlement has formed in urban- rural continuum, which is contradiction with ordinary urban-rural settlement and called with different names, including "Shanty town", "Slum" and "informal settlements". Usually these kinds of settlements understood as locational- geographical spaces, in which the life of people are not favorable from the viewpoints of government mechanism and deemed to be a threat, therefore, should improve through empowerments schemes. Another approach considers the informal settlements with a pathological look that is, some groups are damaged due to development process and these consequences should reduce through reforming policies. Findings show that all of the solutions which have suggested by above mentioned approaches have not leaded to favorable results, while many efforts and money have been spent as empowerment programs, or monetary approach to poverty reduction. The aim of this research is to consider the regeneration factors of informal settlements based on case studied in Tehran Harandy Area. The area of this place is 125 hectares, its stable population are 8000, but its unstable population is 123,000, where, children are born on the street, live and die there. Research required data are collected through field study. Collected data are analyzed through grounded Theory. Research findings show that extension of informal settlement is a locational –geographical and also spatial phenomenon and it is originated in governmental politics, therefore, can't improve through reforming policies. The neoliberal government as retreats from its governance goals, adds to his interfering duties and organizes informal settlements.
Hassan Afrakhteh, Kharazmi University, Iran