A Study on the Relationships Between Time Management and Working Pressure for Teachers with Un-Administrative Positions in New Taipei City


Since 1990, there has been a lot of education reform in the world, including in Taiwan. That reform has included many areas and subjects. Are teachers, even those educated in Teacher Education Institutions, competent to hold un-administrative positions in theses dynamic times? The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between time management and working pressure for un-administrative elementary teachers, and the differences among different variables. This study used questionnaire survey to investigate the above relationship and the differences among variables. Researchers developed the “Questionnaire of Time Management and Working Pressure for un-administrative teachers” for investigation. The samples included 519 un-administrative teachers of 29 elementary schools in New Taipei City. The data were analyzed by T-test, Mean, Standard Deviation, One-Way ANOVA, and Pearson’s correlation. The results show: 1. The un-administrative elementary teachers performed well in time management. Especially in the aspects of “time management” and “division of labor”. 2. The working pressure was on the medium grade, and the highest two aspects were “job stress” and ‘’workload’’. 3. The “female”, “age of 41 to 51”, or “working over 21 years” had better performance on time management. 4. The “age of 31 to 40”and “age of 41 to 51”, “working over 10 years”, “class teacher”, or “working in large- scale school” felt more working pressure. 5. Teachers who had better time management, possessed less working pressure, especially in the relation of “time management” and “pressure of professional knowledge”. Based on the above results, researchers offered some suggestions for educators and future

Author Information
Li-Yun Chuang, Vanung University, Taiwan
Po-Hsun Shih, Vanung University, Taiwan
Yu-Chung Lin, Vanung University, Taiwan
Tzu-Shan Cheng, National Taiwan Normal University

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2015
Stream: Educational policy

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