Self-adjustment in a new living environment is a challenge for every person, and intelligence aspect is considered the contributing aspect for a person to get adjustment. However, numbers of studies have reported that highly intelligence person does not necessarily become the key aspect in self-adjustment. Numbers of highly intelligence persons may experience difficulties in adjusting themselves in new environment, especially when there is cultural gap. Cultural gap is the difference between two cultures that hinders mutual understanding or social relations. Issues on cultural gap in Indonesia for example exist in the context of migrant students. Various issues on educational settings in Indonesia have become discussions in resolving the migrant students who pursue education such as in Jakarta. Students from other Indonesian islands reported that they had difficulties adjusting their life in Jakarta due to different social norms. Numbers of highly intelligence migrant students are not necessarily easy to get adjusted in Jakarta; on the contrary, they who are average students can easily get adjusted in the capitol city of Indonesia. Personality aspect may contribute important roles on self-adjustment. Using the Big 5 Personality (McCrae & Costa), this research is aimed at finding the personality tendency that supports the migrant students to get adjusted easier in the new living environment. The result indicates that personality tendency contributes greater than intelligence aspect in self-adjustment. Further considerations are discussed on the cultural issues that also influence the adjustment processes.
Untung Subroto, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia
Linda Wati, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia
Monty P. Satiadarma, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia
Stream: Student learning
This paper is part of the ACE2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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