Critical discourse analysis of Thailand’s Film Acts was studied by using the Critical discourse analysis of Norman Fairclough as an important system to analyze the authority and ideology of Thailand’s Film Acts, especially in film control laws, which are Film Act, B.E. 2473 and Film and Video Act, B.E. 2551. According to this study, King’ sovereignty in B.E. 2473 Act was as the supreme governor and occupied all rights of determination. However, after the government revolution from Absolute Monarchy to democratic form of government with the King as Head of State in B.E. 2475, the King’s authority in determining the laws has to be only under advises and agreements of the National legislatures. In addition, the Film Act, B.E. 2473 indicated that boards of Film Act who are authorized in investigating films and enforcing the use of laws are only related to government structural positions without considering any other qualifications that affect the understanding in film investigation, whereas, in B.E. 2551 Film and Video Act indicated that the authority of film investigation is not only related to the government structural position but other proper characteristics are also specified for authorize inquiry official. The point related to ideologies indicated that, from the past to the present, ideologies that have been used in controlling film content are composed of the ideologies in royal institution, religion, morality, culture, tradition, politics, gender and nationality.
Goppong Khunthreeya, Thammasat University, Thailand
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