This paper examines financial controls in education policy of the United Kingdom, from the 1970s to the present days. The education policy is inevitably relevant with the financial policy. Since education policy is foundation of the national strategy, not only the education policy becomes objective of sovereign control, but also the education budget, due to its big financial amount, becomes objective of rationalization for efficient use of the limited resource of the school, therefore educational administration which must fulfill both objectives is ambivalent. In this paper, first, I scrutinize rationalization of the education resource starting in the 1970s, reduction of the expenditure at local authority using block grant or rate capping in the Thatcher Administration, proposal about intervention of the education by the Audit Commission which opened the way to school inspection, establishment of body corporate of the further education and strict execution of the school inspection in the Blair Administration, and financial controls by the national funding formula fashioned by delegation in the Cameron Administration. Second, I analyze education finance using statistics of the national budget in order to show reasons why central government seeks for rationalization by introducing body corporate and school inspection. Finally, based on these studies, I conclude remarkable characteristics of relationship between financial controls and the education policy in the UK.
Yoshihiro Nagata, Nagoya University, Japan
Stream: Educational policy
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